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美国教育部对STEM的批注,亚洲国家占全球最大规模学校排名前五



图片 1图片源于网络

from
http://www.ed.gov/stem

  媒体英语会带大家一起学习 BBC
撰稿人在报道世界大事时常用到的单词和短语。

The United States has developed as a global leader, in large part,
through the genius and hard work of its scientists, engineers, and
innovators. In a world that’s becoming increasingly complex, where
success is driven not only by what you know, but by what you can do
with what you know, it’s more important than ever for our youth to be
equipped with the knowledge and skills to solve tough problems, gather
and evaluate evidence, and make sense of information. These are the
types of skills that students learn by studying science, technology,
engineering, and math—subjects collectively known as STEM.

  A teacher and children in a classroom

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  Why are some schools in Asia top of the class for learning?

Science is more than a school subject

  全球最大规模的学校排名刚刚公布,亚洲国家占据排名前五名,非洲国家排在末尾。新加坡居榜首,香港紧随其后,加纳排在最后一位。以下是
Sean Coughlan 的报道。

“[Science]“[Science] is more than a school subject, or the periodic
table, or the properties of waves. It is an approach to the world, a
critical  way to understand and explore and engage with the world, and
then have the  capacity to change that world…”

  It‘s claimed if you want to see the economy of tomorrow look at the
school system of today。 And that’s going to be good news for some Asian
countries with the world‘s highest performing education systems。

— President Barack Obama, March 23, 2015

  Here in Singapore, teenagers are at the top of the biggest ever
global comparison of ability in maths and science。 The country has
worked hard to create a workforce ready for the global economy。 Using
English as the teaching language and investing in keeping its teachers
skills up to date。

Yet today, few American students pursue expertise in STEM fields—and we
have an inadequate pipeline of teachers skilled in those subjects.
That’s why President Obama has set a priority of increasing the number
of students and teachers who are proficient in these vital fields.

  The league tables also show a strong performance by schools in Hong
Kong in second place, South Korea third and Japan in fourth place。 And
there are some surprises – Vietnam another Asian success story – comes
twelfth – racing past the United States in 29th position。

The need

All young people should be prepared to think deeply and to think well so
that they have the chance to become the innovators, educators,
researchers, and leaders who can solve the most pressing challenges
facing our nation and our world, both today and tomorrow. But, right
now, not enough of our youth have access to quality STEM learning
opportunities and too few students see these disciplines as springboards
for their careers.expand/collapse

图片 3

US needs STEM

For example, we know that only 81 percent of Asian-American high school
students and 71 percent of white high school students attend high
schools where the full range of math and science courses are offered
(Algebra I, geometry, Algebra II, calculus, biology, chemistry, and
physics). The access to these courses for American Indian,
Native-Alaskan, black, and Hispanic high school students are
significantly worse. Children’s race, zip code, or socioeconomic status
should never determine their STEM fluency. We must give all children the
opportunity to be college-ready and to thrive in a modern STEM economy.

We also know that only 16 percent of American high school seniors are
proficient in math and interested in a STEM career. Even among those who
do go on to pursue a college major in the STEM fields, only about half
choose to work in a related career. The United States is falling behind
internationally, ranking 29th in math and 22nd in science among
industrialized nations. What’s more, a recent survey revealed that only
29 percent of Americans rated this country’s K-12 education in STEM
subjects as above average or the best in the world. In our competitive
global economy, this situation is unacceptable.

  But some countries are less impressive。 Sweden, which used to be
among the most successful, has declined sharply。

The goals

President Obama has articulated a clear priority for STEM education:
within a decade, American students must “move from the middle to the top
of the pack in science and math.” The Obama Administration also is
working toward the goal of fairness between places, where an equitable
distribution of quality STEM learning opportunities and talented
teachers can ensure that all students have the chance to study and be
inspired by science, technology, engineering, and math—and have the
chance to reach their full potential.

Specifically, the President has called on the nation to develop,
recruit, and retain 100,000 excellent STEM teachers over the next 10
years. He also has asked colleges and universities to graduate an
additional 1 million students with STEM majors.

These improvements in STEM education will happen only if Hispanics,
African-Americans, and other underrepresented groups in the STEM
fields—including women, people with disabilities, and first-generation
Americans—robustly engage and are supported in learning and teaching in
these areas.

  But what‘s the point of these league tables? Are they just about
creating a global report card with some countries passing and some
failing? While these league tables show how schools are performing
now, their purpose is to create an economic road map for the future。

The plan

The Committee on STEM Education (CoSTEM), comprised of 13
agencies—including all of the mission-science agencies and the
Department of Education—are facilitating a cohesive national strategy,
with new and repurposed funds, to increase the impact of federal
investments in five areas: 1.) improving STEM instruction in preschool
through 12th grade; 2.) increasing and sustaining public and youth
engagement with STEM; 3.) improving the STEM experience for
undergraduate students; 4.) better serving groups historically
underrepresented in STEM fields; and 5.) designing graduate education
for tomorrow’s STEM workforce.

Coordinated efforts to improve STEM education are outlined in the
federal, 5-year Strategic Plan for STEM Education and concentrate on
improving the delivery, impact, and visibility of STEM efforts.
Additionally, the Department of Education, the National Science
Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution are leading efforts to
improve outcomes for traditionally underrepresented groups.

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  Glossary 词汇表 

  comparison比较,对照

  ability能力

  workforce劳动力

  up to date掌握最新信息的,与时俱进的

  performance表现,成绩

  less impressive稍显逊色的

  sharply急剧的,大幅度的

  roadmap路线图,指导方针

  文章源于:BBC

  实习编辑:王雨欣 责任编辑:赵润琰

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