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2018年6月四级阅读考试第一套解析,2018年6月英语四级卷1阅读解析

  [解析]文中提到changes in brain cells can affect communication
between different regions of the
brain脑细胞的这些变化会影响到脑中不同区域的沟通。因此选C。A选项无中生有,利用常识进行干扰,B偷梁换柱原文只是提到shrink而不是stop
functioning,D偷梁换柱Certain parts shrink而不是whole brain

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by
building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  D。 Exercise to improve their well-being。

  题干关键词为memory
slips,slip意思为小错误,可定位到原文第一段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原文中的signs为同义替换。

  Passage One

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve
their well-being。

  A。 Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  题干意思为,当严重的记忆衰退出现的时候,应该做什么?可定位到第6段最后一句“defense
against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive
reserve。”符合A选项描述。

  [定位]Dr。 Daffern’s advice定位到最后一段

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional
for assistance。

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下是英语四级第一套卷的阅读试题解析:

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  来源:新东方在线

  47.C) Communication within our brain weakens

  A。 Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines

  [定位]根据symptom定位到文中第四段和第五段。

  46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia

  49。

  Passage One

  50。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  [解析]该段前半部分举例子说明keep your brain busy and
working,后面提到also get physically
active因此作者在说让精神(brain)和身体(physical)都要保持活力,答案选D。A选项张冠李戴,having
exercise 而不是having
checkup。B选项无中生有,C选项张冠李戴并非修复(repair)而是建立认知储存(reserve)能力。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  [解析]文中倒数第二段提到人们应该想办法增强认知储存能力(cognitive
reserve),而最好的办法在最后一段提到exercise is a known brain
booster锻炼是最好的方法,因此选D。A选项偷梁换柱,原文为building
up,BC无中生有。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  [定位]We become aged,定位到第三段。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the
names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of
Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  [定位]memory slips 文章第一段

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about
memory slips?

  46。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  D。 Staying active both physically and mentally。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag
that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate
a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to
the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs
of something going wrong。

  四级阅读Section C第一套

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  48。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  [解析]文章第一段第二句提到了memory slips,作者说如果你有了memory
slips你可能不用担心,因为,dementia(痴呆)的症状和记忆衰退中间的区别相当明显。因此选择A不是所有记忆衰退的征兆都意味着痴呆。BC无中生有,D偷梁换柱,文中讲的是after
age 50, 不是among。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  47。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  C。 Communication within our brain weakens。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  [定位]根据题目找记忆力衰退的应对措施,定位到倒数第二段。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  [解析]文中提到when you forget entire experiences, that’s a red
flag。当忘记整个的经验时需要严肃对待了,然后举了不知道怎么用微波炉的例子,也就是忘记了整个的日常流程one’s
daily
routines选择A选项。B选项具体细节、C选项电影和演员名称都属于日常事务细节,文中提到这些是老年的正常现象。D选项偷梁换柱,文中并没有提到是occasionally偶尔忘记。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读详解:

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  来源:新东方

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts
shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning,
memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication
between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced
as blood vessels narrow。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show
up?

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know
the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have
memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear
differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example,
is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or
don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner
says。

  50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  题干意思为哪一些症状应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take
seriously。第四段有far more
concerning,意为严正关切,可知答案在第五段。本段列举了两个例子,一个是忘记了一些日常的东西比如烤箱的操作,一个是忘记了如何开车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了如何去操作平常的一些例行公事。符合例子的特点。因此选A。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that
force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your
brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because
exercise is a known brain booster。

  据advice可定位到最一段。根据最后两句话可知既有脑力的也有体力的建议。符合D选项的描述。

  作者:厦门新东方陈树通老师

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many
things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health
problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or
depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even
over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory
loss。

  题干意思为随着年龄增大,将会发生什么变化。根据出题顺序,第二段没有提到变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑细胞的变化会影响大脑不同区域间的沟通。此和C选项为同义替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的沟通会弱化。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

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